NOTE: this video is also embeded at the top of the How Not To Get Hacked - Web Resource page that students read in the actvity, as well as in Code Studio. Packets traveling across the Internet move through many routers, each of which could be owned by different people or organizations. What do you work, what do you do, and what do you love most about your job? What if the message were longer BUT you had a computational tool to help you?! Then students perform a Rapid Research project investigating a particular cybercrime event with a particular focus on the data that was lost or stolen and the concerns that arise as a result. Note that the Explore PT prep unit includes additional resources that will help students prepare for the task. An April 2019 research report by Enterprise Strategy Group and the Information Systems Security Association indicates that 93% of cybersecurity professionals believe that “Cybersecurity professionals must keep up with their skills or the organizations they work for are at a significant disadvantage against today’s cyber … Understand the relationship between cryptographic keys and passwords. Closest matches are shown first. The goal here is make points about cracking encryption with computational tools, and start to use some common terms. WiCyS is a community of engagement, encouragement and support for women in cybersecurity. This is called a random substitution cipher. Any encryption cipher is an algorithm for transforming plaintext into ciphertext. Experiment with the tool - Click things, poke around, figure out what it's doing. Most of those people were also impacted by the cyber incident involving background investigations records; approximately 600,000 individuals were impacted only by the cyber incident involving personnel records. How much easier is it to crack a Caesar cipher than a random substitution cipher? 20 minutes). The National Cyber Strategy, the President’s 2018 Management Agenda, and Executive Order 13800 of May 11, 2017 (Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure) [set out above], each emphasize that a superior cybersecurity workforce will promote American prosperity and preserve peace. Can you write out an algorithm for cracking a Caesar cipher? These statements can be used as the basis for question on the AP CSP Exam. Can you put a number on it? They probably have space for at most 100-150 words per response. (It should look like the screen shown below), Figure out what is going on in this new version of the tool. Enterprise. If you have a degree in another area but want to join … You cannot break it so you are encouraged to let students play and investigate to figure out how the tools work. What information is being presented to you? There is a page in Code studio which recaps terminology (encryption, decryption, crack, cipher, Caesar ciper) and poses the next problem. The following terms have been used to augment your search: "cyber", "security". Review Activity Guide and Rubric: At the beginning of the project, emphasize the importance of reviewing the one-pager template and rubric. Students learn about various types of cybercrimes and the cybersecurity measures that can help prevent them. Resist the urge to give students a tool or device to aid in cracking this message -- that's coming in the next part of the lesson! Affiliate. You should move on to cracking random substitution relatively quickly. Career advancement, development, transiting mentoring, coaching, women in technology, women in security, women in cybersecurity, cyber defence, cyber … 165-169. Understand why using longer passwords makes them harder to guess. If you received a notification letter and 25-digit PIN code … To conclude our thinking about encryption and security we're going to look at how cybercrimes are conducted, how cybersecurity measures can protect us, and what the implications are of data leaking. Part of the point here is that it's possible without tools. The annotations given here should provide enough depth for the kinds of responses expected of students. Ops 401: These are the most intense courses offered at Code Fellows. Browse. Code Occupation; 15-1299.06: Digital Forensics Analysts Bright Outlook 15-1299.04: … Students will get their feet wet with understanding the considerations that must go into making strong encryption in the face of powerful computational tools that can be used to crack it. It provides social context which you may want to bring to your classroom. Do the students have any questions for you. 6.3.1 - Identify existing cybersecurity concerns and potential options to address these issues with the Internet and the systems built on it. Students can enter their own messages, do a random substitution to encrypt it, then copy/paste the encrypted version and see if a friend can crack it. However, when aided with computational tools, a random substitution cipher can be cracked by a novice in a matter of minutes. Aided with the tool, cracking an alphabetic shift is trivial. In this lesson, students are introduced to the need for encryption and simple techniques for breaking (or cracking) secret messages. The tasks laid out for students in code studio are: After some exploration time regroup to clarify what the tool is and how it works. You may optionally pause here to recap and go over terms if you like or just let students proceed (see activity part 2 below). Typically a thief trying to trick you into sending them sensitive information. Closest matches are shown first. Cyber warfare and cyber crime have widespread and potentially devastating effects. Choosing Your Cybercrime Event: It is recommended that you place a time limit on this process (e.g. We use encryption everyday on the Internet, primarily to conduct commercial transactions, and without it our economy might grind to a halt. Sockets layer/transport layer security (SSL/TLS). “Encryption” is a process for transforming a message so that the original is “hidden” from anyone who is not the intended recipient. How did you get interested in computer science? Give students about 5 minutes to get into the tool and crack a few messages. More sophisticated scams can make websites and email look very similar to the real thing. Code.org Code.org has several courses designed to teach coding and a wider understanding of computer science. Review of Terminology -- you can use this opportunity to review new vocabulary introduced in the activity and respond to questions students may have encountered during the activity. Make games, apps and art with code. Once you have found the amount of shift the rest comes easily. Cyber Codes. Computational tools dramatically increase the strength and complexity of the algorithms we use to encrypt information, but these same tools also increase our ability to crack an encryption. If you are interested in licensing Code.org materials for commercial purposes, The Internet: Encryption & Public Keys - Video. a career in cyber security starts with your education Most cyber security careers require at least a bachelor's degree in a related field to get started. Several lessons in their Computer Science Principles course are extremely … But what it does is bit of a mystery! Viruses can be used as a Bot Net to trigger a DDoS-style attack, or they can spy on your computer activity, such as capturing all the keystrokes you make at the computer, or websites you visit, etc. After re-capping the first activity make sure students understand the following before proceeding: What if instead of shifting the whole alphabet, we mapped every letter of the alphabet to a random different letter of the alphabet? This method is effective for a few reasons, but overall students find this approach more engaging and fun, and they tend to be more receptive to, and motivated to hear, explanations of how the tool works after trying to “solve the mystery” themselves. Sharing/Submission: You may want to collect students’ one-pagers, have them share in small groups, or with the whole class. 1. Review terminology about cybersecurity and crime that is relevant for the AP CS Principles Exam and 2. If necessary point out to students that the next level in code studio (the one after the frequency analysis tool) explains a little bit about how frequency analysis works and suggests a few strategies for how to get started. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes.. Asking you send your username and password, social security number or other things idea that an... 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